Tuesday, December 28, 2010
Wednesday, November 4, 2009
Well I wrote this for our math poems/rap! I ended up being the only one doing a rap! So funny! But I want comments and reactions! Have to go enjoy!
Baby Got Equations
Oh my goodness, Becky, look at the equation
It is so big!
It looks like one of those equations that those math
teachers write down on the board!
But...you know...Who understands those math teachers anyway?
They only solve equations because their teacher
looks like Ms. King, ok?
I mean that equation...it's just so big!
Uggh! It gross!
Look, its just so big!
I like big equations and I cannot lie
You math students can't deny
That when a teacher writes down an
equation with X, Y, and Z on the board
You get stumped!
Got that equation engraved
So you know that those students get A’s
It looks like one of those large ones
With plenty of unknown variables!
Oh baby, I wanna solve with ya!
Cause your math book got plenty of equations
My teacher tried to console me
But those equations you got makes ("Me so brainy")
You say you want area
Well, square me, square me
And teach me about complicated equations
I saw them solving While I was teaching
They got A’s...good grades
Those pop quizzes ain't gonna lower down their grades
I'm tired of crazy guys
Saying they like smaller-sized
Ask the average student to take a look
They’ve got more knowledge
then their book!
So...Teachers (Yeah), teachers (Yeah)
Do your students know those equations (Oh yeah!)
Well, solve it (Solve it!), solve it (Solve it!), solve those long equations
Baby got Equations
(Long equations and unknown variables)
Baby got Equations
(Long equations with unknown variables)
Baby Got Equations
Friday, September 11, 2009
As Chloe grabbed her books out of her locker she slipped as she turned around. “Not again!” Chloe said as she looked at the ceiling on her back. Suddenly out of no where the populars heels could be heard. Every girl longed to be one of the populars. Chloe stretched out her arms to grab her objects off the dirty floor. Chloe looked up to see the populars looking down at her as if she where a bug waiting to be squished. “Chlorine, what are you doing down there?” Janessa giggled with the rest of the dreaded trio. “It's Chloe actually...” Chloe said getting up on her feet. “Close enough!” Victoria said pushing Chloe aside.
Chloe ran away crying. “What a nerd! She even looks like one too!” Ginger said load enough for Chloe to hear. Debby looked down as she witnessed such a cold moment on her first day of high school! Debby brought her survival guide to high school and started to write. Stay away from the populars! Evil! Grr! Debby put the handy guide back in her backpack and headed off for class hoping that high school would be more pleasant. To her surprise she had survived all the way to lunch.
Debby looked around for somewhere to sit. She scanned the crowd, Gothics, Nerds, Populars, ugh! Where do the normal people sit!? A tap on the shoulder caused Debby to turn around. “Um... looking for somewhere to sit?” Jared asked Debby. “Jocks! Wow this should be something new.” Debby said sitting down at the jocks table. Before Debby knew it she knew all the jocks names and interests! Debby was finished with lunch when Victoria tried to trip Debby, causing Debby's lunch to spill on Victoria and Debby to fall on the cafeteria floor. Gasps, giggles, shrieks, and sighs of shock and joy could be heard through out the cafeteria! The jocks helped Debby up. “Debby are you all right?” The jocks asked in shock. Victoria insulted stomped causing her heel to break. Victoria limped out of the cafeteria with the rest of the trio behind her. All eyes went back to Debby. “I'm fine!” Debby said trying to hide her pain. “Your going to the nurse's office!”Matt said getting up.
Debby had slightly sprained her ankle. When Debby came out with no cast, Victoria sneered from her locker. “She will not get away with that!”Victoria said closing her locker. Victoria walked up to Debby with a classic fake smile. “I'm so sorry Debby I just lost my balance! I understand if you don't want to be friends!”Victoria said on her knees.
High schoolers were once again entertained by Victoria and Debby they continued to watch. Debby smiled”Wow Victoria it is so nice for you to apologize! I'm so glad we can be friends!” Debby said assuming that Victoria was being honest. “Best Friends!” Victoria said giving Debby a hug. “Hey Debby why don't you meet us at the mall this afternoon!?”Victoria asked Debby. “Sure! See you guys!” Debby said as she exited the high school! “Wow Victoria! Do you really like Debby!” Ginger asked Victoria. “Not for long!” Victoria said laughing with victory. The trio not knowing who was watching walked away. The jocks talked among themselves. “Debby should know this!” The jocks said.
“Hey mom can you drop me off at the mall? Some girls from school invited me.” Debby asked her mom. “Wow friends on your first day of high school!” Mom said sitting down with her cup of coffee. “Are you going to take me to the mall or not?” Debby said knowing that her mom was not going to like the tone she just used. “Sorry.” Debby apologized. “It's alright! I'll drop you off in 15 minutes!” Mom said smiling. Debby hugged her mom and ran upstairs to get her purse.
“These shoes are so me! Don't ya think?” Ginger said picking out a gold pair of high heels. “You would look better in silver Ginger it is way better and...” Debby looked at the populars reaction and changed her opinion. “It makes you look more sophisticated!” Debby said showing Ginger the fashionable shoes. “Your right I am more sophisticated! Silver it is!” Ginger said as she paid for the high heels. “Do you own any high heels?” Janessa asked Debby. “No. I don't wear them... but I can learn!” Debby said thinking about how much they hurt her feet. “Choose a pair! My treat!” Victoria said. “I can't accept this stuff!” Debby said at the checkout counter. “Consider it a gift! We want you to look as stylish as us!” Victoria said handing the man the credit card. Debby smiled. Debby was burdened with bags full of new clothes, shoes, and makeup. “Hey lets go to the smoothie shop! My treat!”Debby said feeling guilty that she let the populars buy her all the expensive gifts. “Sure!” The trio said happily. As she paid the man her cell phone ran. “Hello?” Debby answered her phone. “Hey its the jocks!' The jocks said. Wow are the jocks always together? “Your at the mall right!” One of the jocks asked her. Debby looked around to see if they were also at the mall. “We heard the populars after P.E.” Devin spilled out. Debby looked at the populars. “They are just pretending to like you! They are planning something big!”Jared said. “What are they planning?” Debby asked. “They didn't say!” Ian said. “Thanks guys! Your the best!” Debby said. “We know!” The jocks said in union. Debby rolled her eyes Jocks! Debby thought to herself. “Your smoothies!” Debby said handing out the three smoothies. “Who were you talking to?” Ginger asked. “My mom wants me to go home know.” Debby lied. “We'll take you home in our limo!” Victoria offered. “You don't have to!” Debby said. “We are friends remember!” Victoria said with the fake smile she had on her face all day. Glad I'm not really friends with her for real! Poor Janessa and Ginger they have to be friends with a liar! The populars dropped Debby off at her house in their limo. “Hey honey! Wow! Where did you get all that stuff?” Mom asked. “They bought it for me! I guess they want me in their clique!” Debby said. “They even dropped you off! They must be nice girls! Speaking of clique's you have one up stairs.”Mom said laughing. “What:?”Debby said puzzled. “Oh the jocks!”Debby said. Debby rushed up to her room. “Wow! Did you bring the whole mall home with you!” David laughed. The jocks went off with their ideas how to make the populars pay! Every time she hung out with them she realized how unique they were all having special talents! They all looked like your average jocks but with a little twist! Devin was a technology whiz, Matt poetry, Jared art, Ian theater, and David was one of schools best spellers. But William was different! He didn't have a noticeable talent! But Debby knew she could find out his hidden talent. Debby laughed. “What so funny?” Ian said sarcastically. “I have an idea!” Debby said. “Do you have to go to the bathroom?” Jared asked. “Yep!” Debby said exiting her bedroom to find the restroom.
Debby woke up later then usual! She got dressed in the glamorous clothes and shoes the populars had bought her the day before! She quickly ate breakfast and literally ran after the bus! Debby was very alert when she got to high school. High school to Debby wasn't a High school it was a jungle! The populars the predators and the Nerds, Gothics, and normal people were prey. Debby looked around for the populars. Suddenly she saw them coming out of the principals office. At first she thought the jocks did something to the populars but then they were smiling. Thew! Debby thought to herself. They didn't see Debby. “When Debby gets her-” Victoria started. She was saved by Ginger's kick. Victoria turned around. “Debby! We were just talking about you!”Victoria said with her usual fake smile. It was starting to get to Debby.
The populars once again walked Debby to her classes. Debby escaped them at lunch. “Hey guys!” Debby said sitting down at the jock's table. “Debby now will you tell us your plan!”William pleaded. “Debby come!”Victoria called Debby as if she were a dog. “You'll see!”Debby whispered to the jock's. “Debby! Over here!” Janessa called from the populars table. Debby walked over to the table with a smile on her face! It was not a fake smile! “Hey girlfriend!” Ginger said as Debby sat down. “Friends forever!” Janessa giggled. Victoria nudged her. Debby stood up. “You know girls I have had so many friends! They are all different! They all do so many things! But they've never done one thing!” Debby said. “What's that!” The fake trio said assuming that it was that they had bought her all that stuff! “Lied to me!” Debby said as she sharply dumped the chocolate milkshake all over the populars! People stared at Debby with shock!
It had taken forever for someone to stand up to the populars but the new girl or the girl known as Debby had finally done mission impossible! “Wow!” People said as Debby passed their tables. “High five!” The jocks said. If the populars had any dignity it had been destroyed! All day people in the hallway were cheering her on. The populars for the day were nicknamed milkshake, sundae, and other names that involved milkshakes and ice cream. Debby felt out of her place when she was sitting next to Ginger in biology. After class Ginger called Debby. “Debby how did you find out?” Ginger asked puzzled. “The jocks told me!”Debby answered. “I don't care what Victoria says! I still want to hang out with you!” Ginger said hugging Debby. “Me too!” Debby said. She was happy to still be friends with Ginger. But something didn't feel right.
“Hey Ginger ready for biology?” Debby asked her friend. “As ready as I'll ever be!” Ginger laughed almost to the point of tears. Ginger and Debby had been friends ever since Debby had started attending Hamburg High! Ginger and Debby had been working on biology ever since they had both received a disappointing D-. ~ I was very surprised to find that some of you have studied for a change.” Mr. Posvar said passing out the anticipating biology tests. “But sadly some of you didn't even try.” Mr. Posvar stopped right in front of Debby's desk. “Hmm?” Mr. Posvar said staring down at Debby. Debby not knowing what to do open her big mouth. “Welcome to Debbytania!” Debby said smiling up at Mr. Posvar. The whole class chuckled. “Very good Miss Ryan. Big improvement!!” Mr. Posvar said as he carelessly tossed the paper to Debby. Debby unbelievably stared at her biology paper. A+! YES! Debby said to herself. Debby turned to see how Ginger did B+ Ginger's paper read at the top corner. Debby showed hers. Ginger smiled brightly at her best friend. For ten minutes Mr. Posvar rattled on till the noisy bell ran for lunch. “Great job today!” Ginger said as she grabbed her lunch tray. “You too!” Debby congratulated her friend. Debby looked up to see the cafeteria. Ever since day one Debby hated how everyone was seated in groups. Debby and Ginger sat at the exclusive lunch table. The two girls sat down. “Hey troublemakers! Welcome to Debbytania!” Ian said imitating Debby's voice in biology class. “Ha ha ha!” Ginger said sarcastically. “Laugh all you want but Ginger and I raised our biology grade! You can't laugh at that!” Debby said. Debby's pride was quickly swept away. “Good job whatever! Did you guys hear about the prom?” Jared asked the girls. “Well we decided to plan the prom this year!” David said announcing the news. “Sorry to burst your bubbles but the prom isn't for a while!” Ginger said confused. “The early bird gets the worm!” Ian said. The girls rolled their eyes, Matt always quoted something which was extremely annoying. The girls quickly left the jocks table. “Ian is so annoying! And did I mention self centered!' Ginger said walking right past Victoria and Janessa's lockers. “Perfect!” Victoria said smiling at Janessa. “I know I am perfect!” Janessa said shutting her locker. Victoria walked away and Janessa followed her. “Ian's not the only one who is weird one!” Ginger said pointing at a boy street dancing in the hallway. People gathered to watch the boy act like a fool! Ginger and Debby continued to walk. “Hey are you trying out?” Debby asked Ginger. “My mom signed me up earlier in the year. You should come!” Ginger said. “No way I am not spending my time with Victoria!” Debby complained. “She didn't even tryout! Her parents basically fund this school!” Ginger said. Ginger left for tryouts. Debby all alone decided to follow Ginger. Tryouts were totally different then Debby thought. Where is Ginger? Debby thought to herself. Debby searched the packed gym. “Okay girls before we start tryouts lets welcome our very own cheerleaders!!!” The coach said. The cheerleaders immediately captivated Debby with their high energy flips, kicks, spins, jumps, and catchy cheers! The music stopped and so did the high energy cheerleaders. The cheerleaders exited the gym doors. Debby wanted to be a cheerleader more than ever! Debby jumped in the line. The tryouts started some girls were bad, good, great, or just plain weird! The coach was honest and fair, and everyone who deserved to be on the squad was given a place on the squad. Debby was thrilled when Miss Anderson passed her a red uniform and said “Welcome to the squad!” Debby went to try on the uniform. Debby stared at her self in shock! The gorgeous flattering uniform glittered under the fluorescent lights. Debby squealed with delight as she kicked. “Wait till Ginger sees me!” Debby said excitingly.
Debby soon learned that Victoria was actually bearable. All she did was boss everyone around. Debby and the other cheerleaders did whatever the head cheerleader told them to do! “okay girls we are going to wipe some Bobcats butt tomorrow! And we can't win if everyone is screwing off! So get a good night sleep for tomorrow! Our school is counting on us! And we will not let them down!” Victoria said. To Debby she sounded like a drill Sargent. “Do you girls understand me?” Victoria asked. “Yes Victoria!” The cheerleaders answered Victoria. “Good!” Victoria said in her usual perky voice. The squad went into the girls locker room to change out of their sweaty gym outfit. “Great practice!” Ginger said hugging Debby. “See aren't you glad you tried out!” Ginger said happily. “Cheer leading has its moments!' Debby laughed. The girls exited the girls locker room. Debby fell asleep doing her homework. “Princess wake up!”Mom said gently. “My hair!” Debby said feeling her hair. “You have plenty time to worry about that!” Mom said calming Debby down. Debby laughed. ~ “Lets go Hawks! Lets go!” The cheerleader cheered at the top of their lungs. Debby and the audience nervously watched the two teams score touch downs. Debby knowing that under those helmets were the jocks. The worked like a team. It was the near the end of the fourth quarter both teams were tied 17 to 17. Till David passed the football to no one. Everyone watched as the football flew through the air, nobody saw William till he caught the ball and TOUCHDOWN! The Hawks had won the game! “After that game I don't think I will ever hear ever again!” Debby said massaging her ears. “It takes a couple games to get used to it!” Ginger laughed. “William great save!” Debby said happily. “Thanks Debby!” William said. “It was David's idea!”William admitted. Debby knew she still had not found his talent yet! She knew she would have look harder. Does he even have a talent? Debby thought to herself.
"Great job girls! I'm sorry to say that practice is over see you next year!" Victoria said. Everyone hurried out to go off their separate ways. Debby hurried to the gym to help decorate for the prom.
1 hour later
"Debby tape me!" Devin said on the ladder. "Excuse me? Please would be nice!" Debby retaliated. "Debby please tape me!" Devin said. "Hey Ginger over here!" Debby shouted from the center of gym. "Hey wow you guys have been working really hard on this!" Ginger said in amazement. "Thank You!" They all said. "I did the most work so you should be thanking me!" Ian said on a bench while he was blowing up balloons. "Contrary my friend I did the most work!" David yelled from the other side of the gym. Soon the gym exploded with the Jocks deep and high voices. "Stop it!" Debby screamed. She heard her voice echo throughout the whole gym. 'Thank you! It doesn't matter who did or didn't do the most work, all that matters is that the prom is going to be amazing! Isn't that what everyone wants?"Debby asked. Everyone nodded. The bell rang. The jocks left the girls to go to P.E. "Hey Debby lets go! I think we should get to class!" Ginger said. "Good idea!" Debby said smiling at her best friend. As the girls came out of the gym they faced a new atmosphere. Boys and girls buzzed around them. "Oh no!" Ginger said as she looked up. It was obvious that the prom season had officially started! Before they even reached their lockers Ginger already had a date for the prom. For the rest of the day Ginger bragged about how cute her prom date was. Finally Debby had enough! "Ginger stop! I've heard enough can we talk about something else beside the prom!" Debby yelled. "Don't worry you don't have to listen about the prom or anything else I say! Your just jealous because I have a date for the prom and you don't!"Ginger cried and stomped away. It was true she didn't have a date for the prom and perhaps she was jealous. But she told herself she didn't care. But deep down she did!
Debby had just declined the fifth boy. She was still angry about the whole prom thing! "Hey Debby you dropped this." Mr. Posvar said handing a folded note to Debby. Debby snatched it quickly. "Haste makes waste."Mr. Posvar said walking away. Debby opened the note.
Lets go Debby, lets go! Go with me to the prom! Love A Secret Admirer.
"Victoria" Debby snarled. "Victoria, why would you leave me a secret admirer note?" Debby said. Victoria looked confused. "Wow either someone else is pranking you or you actually really have a secret admirer! Oh and I didn't do it if that's what is bothering you!"Victoria said shocked. Debby looked down and walked away. "Sorry."She mumbled. Tuesday had passed and now it was Wednesday. Debby looked around to see if anyone looked at her. But no one even glanced at her except the teachers. "Mr. Posvar better not be my secret admirer!" Debby thought to her self as she exited biology. The familiar bell rang for lunch. Debby sat with jocks they soon got annoying with details about the prom. She listened politely. "What about you Debby?"Devin asked Debby. "Oh I don't have a date."Debby said looking down. The jocks looked confused. "Lucas from football said he was going to ask you!" Jared said. "I said no." Debby said ashamed. "I actually refused every guy."Debby said feeling herself go scarlet. "Why?"The jocks asked Debby. "Because I am not going to the prom!"Debby announced. "What you have to go you helped out so much!"Jared and the rest of jocks protested. "I don't want to go! Its just a dumb prom!"Debby said. "Come on Debby! Please come to the prom!"The jocks pleaded. "Sorry no!" Debby said running away. Debby walked up to her locker she opened it. Suddenly the note fell to the ground. Debby swiftly picked it up and hastily opened it.
Be my date for the prom~A Secret Admirer.
Debby put the note to her heart.
The prom day had come Debby had just attempted to fake to have the chicken pox except she forgot that she put green dots instead of red dots. Debby got to school and everybody was wearing masks. "Oh no!" Debby said. Biology was actually bearable since Mr. Posvar was sick and the substitute gave no homework. Debby had been exhausted when the boy came up to her. "Debby, would you like to go to the prom with me! I'm your secret admirer."The boy confessed. Debby didn't know who the boy was because of his mask. "Well... I don't know? What's your name?"Debby asked the boy. He ran away from Debby. "Wait come back!"Debby screamed as she ran after him. Slowly she lost him. Debby walked back to her locker. Something urged her to go to the prom.
Debby walked to prom in a shirt and jeans. She decided to go find out who her secret admirer was. So she snuck back through the drama door. She hid in the dressing room as she heard footsteps. she saw a balcony and thought maybe I could get over and look and see who my secret admirer. Debby hugged the building. Suddenly her hoodie was caught. She pulled it. "James Bond never had these problems!" She said continuing to pull with all her might. Suddenly she tripped then lost her balance causing her to fall! Suddenly she was caught by her... secret admirer! He was still wearing the mask, Debby smiled and slowly took off his mask. To see that her secret admirer was someone that she could love. "William, why didn't you tell me?"Debby asked. "I was afraid you would say no so I sent you all those notes hoping that you would figure it out. I mean your smart enough!" William said smiling. "I'm no Nancy Drew!" Debby laughed. Debby started to walk"I'll be back!" Debby said. "Okay see you in there!" William said. Debby changed into her dress. She saw the doors opened before her she wasn't sure if she should go in but she did. Jared looked over at Debby. "Oh good you decided to come! And just in time for the honors award!" Jared said. Debby looked to see if Ginger was there. She saw her! " Ginger!" Debby said running up to her. "Where's your date?" Debby said looking around for the basketball player. "He was a jerk! So then..." Ginger was interrupted. "I asked her!" Ian said holding punch. "What? Ginger your crazy! In a good way!" Debby said happy that their quarreling was over. "Oh Debby they're starting the honors award better get up there!" Ian said. Debby approached the stage. The lights were dimmed, Jared went up to the Mic. "Thank you every one for coming tonight! And I would also like to thank everyone who helped out with the prom and making it look amazing. A few people I would like to thank their names are Devin, David, Matt, Ian, me of course, Debby and William. And put your hands together for William who forced us to do it."Jared said almost screaming. Everyone was clapping and politely chanting Williams name. William was blushing. "Thank you!" William said as he bowed. "Brava!" Ian shouted. "Devin crank up the tunes!" Jared shouted from the stage. The prom went on like it had never stopped. "Debby can I have this dance?"William bowed. "Yes you may!"Debby laughed. Soon everyone was dancing on the dance floor! Soon the night was over and parents cars were ready to pick up their teens. Debby wished the night wasn't over. But it was! Just in one night Debby snuck in the school, fell off the school building, found her secret admirer and found Williams secret talent. That he catches me when I'm falling!
Thursday, September 10, 2009
Saturday, August 1, 2009
Friday, July 24, 2009
Monday, July 6, 2009
Friday, July 3, 2009
Chapter1 News that ruined my life!
Monday, June 22, 2009
P.S. We will have no photos till we get unpacked sorry! Looks like everyone was partly right me secret talent is acting!
Sunday, June 21, 2009
Wednesday, June 17, 2009
Tuesday, June 16, 2009
Wednesday, March 25, 2009
Tuesday, March 24, 2009
Oh! Chasity and Jameson got to ride in a car because they won Oireachtas this year! I wish I could of ridden in a car!
1-3 shows Walsh Kelley marching in the parade!
19-21 shows some pictures of our dance school performing! Picture 501 is my favorite I think!
Tuesday, March 10, 2009
Saturday, February 7, 2009
Monday, December 1, 2008
Thursday, November 13, 2008
Step 1: Make the Volcano Surface
6 cups flour
2 cups salt
2 cups water
Mix the flour, salt, cooking oil and water by hand (no electric mixers!) in a large bowl until the mixture is smooth and firm to the touch.
1 cardboard box or sheet of plywood
1 liter soda bottle, clean and empty
Tape or glue
Homemade play dough (see recipe above)
1 tablespoon baking soda
1 tablespoon dish soap
1/4 cup white vinegar
Step 2: Assemble the Volcano
Take your cardboard box or sheet of plywood, and set it on a large, flat work surface.
Place your soda bottle in the middle of the box or sheet of plywood; it will probably help to make sure the bottle is attached to the box or plywood, either by taping it down or gluing it firmly.
Roll up the old newspaper or other scraps of paper into tight balls.
Place the balls around and up the soda bottle, sticking them together with tape or glue as you work, in order to form a conical volcano shape and conceal the bottle.
Lay the play dough on a flat surface and roll it with your rolling pin until you've formed a thin sheet large enough to drape over your volcano.
After placing the sheet of play dough over the model, make sure you remove the dough just over the opening of your soda bottle, so you have a hole in the top of the model.
Allow the model time to dry. (This could take up to 24 hours if you've added paint, so plan ahead if you're making this for a school project.)
Finally, the moment you've been waiting for:
Monday, October 13, 2008
Wednesday, September 24, 2008
But we learned to be grateful for the stuff we had! We also learned that our dishes got cleaner by hand washing them. We emailed the pictures to our dad I hope he likes it! My mom said she looks 10 pounds heavier on camera I said that the camera usally adds 20! My dad told me that! Can't wait for him to come back home! He's been gone two weeks!
Friday, August 29, 2008
We had a baking day yesterday! Anna and Lizzie helped with the cookies. I made them, Anna rolled the dough into smooth round balls, and Lizzie rolled them in sugar, she called it suger bathing! And I gently pushed them down! Lizzie wanted some pictures of her(not a suprise!) baking in the kitchen! I didn't know Lizzie was getting into the cookie dough so I caught her trying to eat some she was very made at me! We made four trays of gingersnaps, one pan got burned by accident! Anna was not watching the cookies and the pan burned. But the three trays were perfect! Sometimes I forget to add sugar or something that makes the cookies good! I think they were pretty good! There are only three left and we made them yesterday ! I think some little mice snuck into the cookie jar! (Anna Jane, Lizzie Lane, Father in Black, and Sue Rue! In other words, Anna ,Lizzie, Daddy, and I! My mom is innocent! The reason why there are so many pictures of Lizzie is because she is loves the camera! Big Suprise, not really! We even had a fashion show! Lizzie won Anna didn't want to do it she isn't in love with her self as Lizzie is! Oh! We made the cookies all by our selves!
Tuesday, August 26, 2008